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tv   Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal Collection  CSPAN  September 3, 2017 2:39pm-2:50pm EDT

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will had in the past and how they dealt with that kind of thing. we're on the campus of gonzaga university, we will visit the archives and special collections to look at documents from the tokyo war crimes tribunal's in 1946. stephanie: today, we are at a
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gone to university, looking at the tribunal for the far east or the tokyo war crimes, and these papers relate to the trial that went on against the 20 military people and the civilians who were responsible for the federal war, too. at this military tribunal, it was established i have in 12 different countries and nine prosecuting attorneys from various countries that would put these individuals on trial. one of the key people on defense was a general, a general of the imperial army and prime minister, and he was the one responsible for the decision to bomb pearl harbor in 1941. , so how come they had these papers? they were actually there at the trials. he became ill and asked his friend to come to japan and help them out and cover for him while he was ill, so he stayed on. he was supposed to be on a couple of beers that state or two years and helped with that. he brought these four boxes of materials back to the united states. one went to the national archives and the other came to gone guns university, his alma mater -- go gonzo university in
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1989. i have a map of tokyo in 1947. after the war, american troops were involved with the occupation of japan. this is the city map of tokyo showing the best routes and places american soldiers should or could go while in the city, like the imperial palace of different religious centers or lincoln center, so this is a map set up for the american soldiers to go. on the back, they have given more support, where they can visit to make your stay pleasant and profitable. here are some things you should see and do during your visit to tokyo. so we have places they can go, places to eat, tokyo, the city itself, sites they might want to visit while in town. what i have
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in front of me is 69 pages of the doctrine is asian -- dr. nation -- papers in the original formats, airy thick paper hole punched, but i wanted to read the charges with pearl harbor. as it was sent to the delivery, approximately the same time the pearl harbor attack occurred, the plan to carry out its undertaking without due notice of failure to conform with international procedures pertaining to hostilities and violated international treaties, assurances to which japan was a party signatory. an interrogation, it was
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admitted that he was the one responsible for the attack on pearl harbor, but he said the cabinet was jointly responsible and as senior member, he was the one chiefly responsible. he retained the army chief of staff and navy chief of staff also had responsibility. he knew and prove them all. in a panicky effort to formalize the events which had occurred, and imperial script was issued by japan on december 8, 1941, declaring war on the united states and british empire, so this documentation shows how they were accusing him in his actual words and his involvement to it the decision to attack pearl harbor. in front of me, i have documentation about prisoner of war conditions during world war ii. this is a report of the prison camp in shanghai and tear at the accusations, conditions and football, sanitary conditions abominable, water supply inadequate, no fuel for fires, insufficient blankets, in winter, 15 degrees to 20 degrees below zero, no food issued, no so issued, no medical supplies, in march, 1942, and american pow who escaped from camp was recaptured and tried by court-martial and under the provisions of the japanese military law, as a deserter from the japanese army and sentenced to 10 years confinement. the
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next part reads in the defense evidence that in december of 1942, the pow was justly treated and the swiss international red
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cross was delighted when they inspected the shanghai pow camp. another is from the pow camp in another location, at least 10 men died from hardships experienced between the shipping camp. each pow left with a shirt and para pants -- pair of pants, and the food was inconsistent with rice and vegetable. one sergeant and two privates and the p.o.w. dr. and assistants were severely beaten every morning by the japanese sergeant. those who reported were nearly knocked down. every day, patients in the hospital were beaten up and many died within a few hours of the beating. during the tokyo war crimes tribunal, it was decided not to prosecute the emperor and his family for war crimes because they felt general macarthur and president truman that it was appropriate they have him still in office and that would help the occupation that they would have his support and the japanese people would be more willing with the occupation by having the emperor still around. another collection we have is related to the tokyo war crimes is a manuscript of a buddhist priest hired by the americans to come serve and work with the men and a prison, the place where these military criminals were housed after the end of world war ii. i want to read from his meetings. he met four times before his execution and here is something that tojo wanted the public to know, the trial is over and having the filled my duties to some extent, i am filled with relief. the sentence so far is as deserved. i am sorry that i was not able to
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assume the responsibilities by myself and that it brought my colleagues trouble. i sincerely regret it. at least the trial, through the trial, nothing carried up to the emperor and on that point i'm comforted. only for those of my countrymen who suffered from the war, my death sentence is not absolve me for my responsibilities. i am sorry for that. considering the verdict, at this time, it matters of humanity and the atrocities committed against listeners, i fully regret and believe deplorable. it is my -- it is fully my own responsibility that i was unable to drive home in the army and elsewhere the traditional benevolence of the japanese people and humanity of emperor. i want the people in the world not to misunderstand this. this was brought about by
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the discretions on small parts of the army. the entire japanese are not so. i hope the people of the world to not misunderstand the score. in other words, i want them to realize it was misconduct on part of the military. in front of me is a folder titled the summation of the prosecution. this was what the prosecutors did prior to going to judgment. it says, make it please the tribunal to borrow a phrase from the law. we have reached the
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closing of the gates. the better part of two years have been engaged in the preparation and presentation of the evidence in this case. there remains now the summation and judgment of this court. it is a long period for any criminal trial but there are many reasons and ample justification thereof. the matters under inquiry are not at all of the nature of those with which our domestic tribunals had been considered criminals. per." we are examining events of the greatest historical importance, lively affecting affairs of the world, occurring over a period of 14 years. this has required calling witnesses from all over the world in the production of important state documents rot from afar from countries -- brought from afar from europe and united states, eventually unearth in archives from the japanese government. even in japan, this presented important in reviewing evidence after persistent efforts. >> all weekend long we showcase the history of spokane, washington area visit c-span.org/cities to work. we continue

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